• Burgundy 2014

  • A few days in Burgundy.

    Let's start with the south Cluny. Around the year three thousand Cluny abbey churches I, II and Cluny and Cluny III finally were built on the site. Cluny III was still the largest church in the christian world until the construction of St. Peter's in Rome. The monks who occupy the place interpret the rule Benoit (Prayer and Work) to their own receipe. They do not work and "sell" their prayers to bring money nobles who wish to redeem their sins. By Cluny addition gigantism, wealth is spread readily. All this lasted until some decide to dissent and regain purity by melting Cîteaux. But what will mark the site as we know it today is obviously the revolution which saw the dissolution of the religious orders and sales as a career abbey. This is the downfall of Cluny who had so much influence on the christian world .

    Today, there is almost nothing outside the small clock tower and bell tower of one of the transepts. They were not destroyed because the inhabitants of the neighborhood were afraid that the destruction damaging their homes. Obviously, they did not have our current demolition techniques. What little is left, still gives us an idea of the huge monastery that was there. On the site, reposition several screens virtual reality abbey in the landscape.

     

     

     

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    The buildings are currently occupied by prestigious engineering school: Ensam (Arts et Métiers)

     

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    The granary flour of the thirteenth century with its beautiful structure. It outlines the columns that surrounded the heart of Cluny III. The first is vintage inspired and the other  evoke monks trades.

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  • After Cluny, Cîteaux. We drove over to the heart of Burgundy. All the glory and lifestyle of Cluny and its dependencies displease the purest. Robert also founded with a few monks what would be the Cîteaux Abbey. Bernard who gave his name to the order Bernardine comes into this place in 1110 to live in the most rigorous manner by respecting the rule of St. Benedict: work and prayer. Work there because the abbey is lost in the forest in the middle of a swamp (cistelle means reed in Latin>cistercian). But it works, because many young nobles become rich Cistercian monks and bottom legacies. Bernard creates abbeys "subsidiary" Cîteaux throughout France and Europe (and now the world) very quickly. Bernard was able to rely on political power for expansion. It's sort of a precursor of globalization, but at the time point of franchises and ownership structures.

    Cîteaux

    The visit Cîteaux disappoint those who saw Cluny have said he did not much left. Because the walls of the 12th century, there has even less to do. As in Cluny, the appeal to the imagination is essential. As Cluny, Cîteaux served in career after the revolution. But Cistercian monks returned and used to cross the fence to visitors. At the beginning of the tour everyone is invited to meditate on the text provided.

    Part of the monastery has been preserved and restored and the library (whose manuscripts are in Dijon). The visit will highlight the work of the monks copy exercised before the invention of printing.

    Cîteaux

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    A noter que les enluminures évoluèrent dans le temps et qu’elles devinrent plus austères pour revenir à l’essentiel.

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    A reproduction of a "comic strip" of the 12th century reminds us a little Bayeux. But all the techniques of layout is already there in this evocation of the life of David 

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  •  With a well cloudy days, we go for a short visit to Dijon. It is the ancient capital of the Dukes of Burgundy.

    We start by getting on the high Philippe Le Bon tower in the 15th century.

      A bat carved up the stairs to 300 steps shows us his big ears.

     

    Dijon

    From the top of the tower, we can admire the historic Dijon.

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    Above the Notre-Dame de Dijon with its pounding jacquemart hours since 1383 It is a war prize of Philip the Bold. It comes from the belfry of Kortrijk. The facade of the church has grimacing gargoyles. It freaked.

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    Inside a Black Madonna (here dressed) of the 11th century among the oldest in France. Finally, the windows redone in the 19th century except for five of them below, which date from the 13th century.

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     Leaving the church, the street of the owl (rue de la chouette) and its neighbors, show beautiful mansions of the 15th century.

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    Dijon

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